Members of these groups lead a compatible antisocial and criminal lifestyle and commit various offenses.
It is important to teach students to perceive social assistance through active methods of presenting information: lectures, conversations, discussions, trainings, to involve in focus groups, to perform creative tasks, to provide the opportunity to use information prepared by peer volunteers.
Analysis of the activities of student social services showed that the implementation of programs should take into account the specifics of each university. The main purpose of the activity – to provide social assistance to students in the process of socialization in terms of learning – remains common to all institutions of higher education, but the mechanism of their implementation through social programs should be different. Each university must determine the social programs that are more effective in solving social problems in the student environment.
It is important to note that today in the world there is an active process of globalization, which shakes the national identity, and this means leveling the foundations of human spiritual existence. It is possible that the Bologna Process, which is currently taking place in Europe and is related to the reorganization of education in European universities, is designed to make adjustments in the education of Ukraine. Ukraine has also signed the famous Lisbon Convention.
Today, some reforms are initiated by the ministry, some by universities. Historical experience shows, and finally it is necessary to realize that only a society develops that pays attention to the development of science and educational processes for a wide range of citizens, upholds the prestige of the scientist in the highest sense of the word: when the scientist rises above the ordinary and breathes socially significants. And it is this general social progress that could become the consolidating idea that we so desperately need today. And this requires the democratization of university life in particular.
New domestic and foreign technologies, distance learning, etc. are being introduced in higher educational institutions where student social services operate. However, as the analysis of documents showed, the issues of improving the financial situation of students, creating conditions for comprehensive development and self-realization of the individual, organizing activities aimed at supporting talented youth, strengthening the material and technical base of education, require not only the use of higher education resources. state support.
Our research has shown that student social services play an important role in the process of professional development of students and help the administration of higher education to more successfully conduct the educational process and train specialists in accordance with the requirements of the Bologna Process.
The role of student social services in solving social problems in the student environment (NF Romanova) // Ukrainian society. – 2004. – No. 1 (3). – C. 32-37.www.politik.org.ua
Adolescent and youth groups: methods of social diagnosis. Abstract
General characteristics of the social diagnosis of juvenile associations. Social diagnosis in the work of a social educator with groups of minors of different orientations. Social diagnosis of informal associations
1. General characteristics of the social diagnosis of juvenile associations
A group of minors is understood as a set of persons who interact with each other in this way. That each of them affects the others and is itself under their influence. Groups are formal and informal. Diagnosis of adolescent and youth groups aims to determine the direction of the group, its composition, the structure of relationships, attitudes and orientation.
The quantitative indicators diagnosed include: age and numerical composition of the group; social and sexual composition; duration of its existence, frequency and duration of meetings of members; meeting places; level of group development based on self-diagnosis; responsibility for group activities.
The qualitative indicators that are diagnosed include: readiness for joint activities, which is expressed in its effectiveness and efficiency; nature, goals, motives and direction of activity; level of organization, cohesion, stability, conflict, group acceptance; intra-group structure; types of communication and relationships; group interests, needs and ways to meet them, norms and values. The ultimate goal of group diagnosis is to determine how to act on the group. The diagnostic procedure in this case can be carried out by a psychologist at the request of a social educator.
Methods that can be used by a social educator include observations, surveys, sociometric methods, tests, expert evaluation methods, etc. The choice of diagnostic methods is determined by the purpose of the survey and limitations (time, resources, professional competence, etc.).
In the activities of a social educator, the certification of adolescent and youth groups is used. The passport of an informal adolescent group is filled in as a result of analysis of conversations with its members, comparison of information received from different adolescents. Both mutual complementarity and exclusion of erroneous information are carried out. And only as a last resort is it possible to use the method of “included observation” which assume that the researcher on the age and nature of behavior is not particularly distinguished among members of the informal group.
Systematization of passports of adolescent and youth groups can be carried out not only by the criterion of orientation, but also by their territorial affiliation, place of residence or study.
The diagnostic program of the group includes a set of techniques designed to study the personal characteristics of the leader (leaders) of the group. The leader often determines the orientation of the group, its openness to external contacts, the possibility of reorientation, correction of attitudes and activities of the group.
An independent direction is the diagnosis of the social environment in which one or another group lives and works. Attention is focused on clarifying the place and role of the group in the structure of a team, society as a whole. As part of the diagnostic procedures, it is necessary to highlight the methods of predicting group behavior. The purpose of forecasting is to identify possible positive aspects in working with one or another group.
The sequence is ranked by the following positions:
how interests and needs change; stability; future.
2. Social diagnosis in the work of a social educator with groups of minors of different orientations
There are many typologies (classifications) according to the direction of activities of groups of minors. Let’s focus on two of them.
One of the most common typologies involves the distribution of the existing diversity of groups:
to prosocial, the focus of which is consistent with the values and attitudes lab report writing websites encouraged by society. Positive group norms are introduced from the social environment, formed and strengthened in the process of socially significant educational, labor and social joint activities; antisocial, the orientation of which is not consistent with the values and norms established in society. Members of these groups lead a compatible antisocial and criminal lifestyle and commit various offenses. Joint antisocial and criminal activity is characterized in these groups by social alienation, isolation, confrontation; at the appropriate level of development and organization of antisocial criminal activity, antisocial groups can commit crimes, and then they become criminogenic, or criminal, groups characterized by greater isolation, circular bail, criminal activity, expressed by comparing themselves to other groups. Interpersonal relationships in such groups are mediated by antisocial or anti-social values and lead to depersonalization of the individual.
3. Social diagnosis of informal associations
The term “informal group” refers to several objects whose social nature is different:
First, this group is predominantly adolescents, within which organizational relations are expressed either very weakly or, conversely, very strongly with the threat of physical force. The goal of such informal communities is mostly communication, and the main internal principle is group solidarity. Such informal “parties” serve as a means of self-determination, the group through which the minor finds his place in the relationship “I-we-they”. Secondly, informals today include members of various amateur associations. These include environmental groups, historical and cultural associations and political clubs. Third, informal organizations often include those involved in mass national and social movements.
Informal groups can be organized both within formal and non-formal ones. The first are within certain organizations, the second – exist independently of the formal. They are formed on the basis of spatial proximity (neighbors), common interests, psychophysiological characteristics, personal sympathy. Contacts in such groups are deeper and broader, more meaningful to individuals. Such groups have a significant impact on the socialization of the individual.
The reasons for creating informal associations are:
reaction to the shortcomings of working with young people; problems of social structure in the state; consequences of bureaucracy and formalism; desire to be independent; desire to meet the needs and interests; the need for communication; features of youth consciousness and development.
Socio-pedagogical influence on the orientation and activities of the informal group can be distinguished: through the behavior of the leader, the introduction into the group of people who have a pro-social orientation, through the reorientation of activities.
The social diagnosis of informal associations is carried out using the following technology:
acquaintance with the group, its leader; goal setting and tasks; selection of the subject of diagnostics; selection of key indicators and criteria.
measurement and analysis of the obtained quantitative and qualitative indicators.
result, drawing conclusions and making a social diagnosis of an informal group.
Shakurova MV Methods and technology of work of the social teacher: Textbook. manual for students. higher ped. textbook routine. – M.: Publishing Center “Academy” 2002. – 272p. Methods of social diagnostics of relationships in society / Theory and methods of social work.